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Biotechnology in its simplest sense would mean using the biological systems to develop technologies useful to man which in turn means process development and manufacture of valuable products employing biological systems. Biotechnology combines the use of biology and chemistry to develop products that improve the overall quality of human life.

Biotechnology courses are presently oriented towards educating the younger generation of students in the advances made in the field of genetic engineering and recombinant DNA technology and the emphasis is largely on the details of the techniques applied in these studies.

In India, there are currently more than twenty five universities offering M Sc in Biotechnology while at least half a dozen courses in agricultural biotechnology, a couple of marine biotechnology and sundry medical biotechnology courses are also offered.

Biotechnology graduates are qualified to work in many fields within the biotechnology industry, including pharmaceutical, manufacturing, medical, industrial products, bio-instrumentation and agriculture. Biotechnology has extraordinary potential to improve the health and well-being of people in the developing world. Biotechnology in industry employs the techniques of modern molecular biology to reduce the environmental impact of manufacturing. It no doubt is improving the safety of raw materials by helping food scientists discover the exact identity of the allergenic protein in foods such as peanuts, soybeans and milk, so they can then remove them

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